Specialist approval is based on approval as a physician in Norway, that is authorisation (or licence limited to working as a specialist within a certain specialty) in Norway, and on the following. Specialist approvals from countries within EU/EEA for specialties that are listed in the Directive for both the country where the original approval (not a converted approval) was received and listed for Norway (40 Norwegian specialties for all EU/EEA countries), can generally be converted to Norwegian approval. One of the approved specialties in Norway that is not listed in the Directive of the Council of the European Union (EU) is General Practice. This specialty can however be converted to Norwegian approval from another Nordic country based on The Nordic Agreement, provided that the original approval is from that country.
Specialist approval is based on Norwegian specialist regulations, which is currently in a process of major changes.
Vacant positions for specialist training in Norway can be found here: www.legejobber.no
There are also requirements regarding courses in each specialty, and there are certain quantitative requirements on relevant procedures in some specialties. These regulations are found both in the general specialist regulations, and in the specific specialist regulations for each specialty.
Since 1st October 2011, specialist approval and training is administrated by the Norwegian Directorate of Health, see the web pages of The Norwegian Directorate of Health.
All questions about approval as a physician in Norway (authorisation or licence) should therefore be directed to the Norwegian Directorate of Health for questions regarding approval as a doctor in Norway, and specialist training and approval in Norway.
However, these lists include a large number of foreign specialists whom are no longer working in Norway, or who just temporarily are working (or have been working) in Norway. The number of specialists in Norway is only slightly higher than the number of members of The Norwegian Medical Association who are approved specialists. This is because the number of non-members who are approved specialists working in Norway (the number here is very uncertain) probably is just somewhat higher than the corresponding number of approved specialists who are members of The Norwegian Medical Association and who are working abroad.
You can find information about the number of active, approved specialists in all five Nordic countries in each of the 30 largest specialties (based on the total number of active, approved specialists in all five Nordic countries) as of 1st January 2016 here.