Article in English.
Read the article in fulltext via this link. Follow this link to read a comment in BMJ 1999;318:71-72.
Abstract on Pubmed: OBJECTIVE: To assess the relation between male and female medical leadership. DESIGN: Cross sectional study on predictive factors for female medical leadership with data on sex, age, specialty, and occupational status of Norwegian physicians. SETTING: Oslo, Norway. SUBJECTS: 13 844 non-retired Norwegian physicians. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Medical leaders, defined as physicians holding a leading position in hospital medicine, public health, academic medicine, or private health care. RESULTS: 14.6% (95% confidence interval 14.0% to 15.4%) of the men were leaders compared with 5.1% (4.4% to 5.9%) of the women. Adjusted for age men had a higher estimated probability of leadership in all categories of age and job, the highest being in academic medicine with 0.57 (0.42 to 0.72) for men aged over 54 years compared with 0.39 (0.21 to 0.63) for women in the same category. Among female hospital physicians there was a positive relation between the proportion of women in their specialty and the probability of leadership. CONCLUSION: Women do not reach senior positions as easily as men. Medical specialties with high proportions of women have more female leaders.
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