The Predictive Value of Individual Factors, Work-Related Factors, and Work-Home Interaction on Burnout in Female and Male Physicians: A Longitudinal Study

Langballe EM, Innstrand ST, Aasland OG, Falkum E. Stress Health 2011; 27 (1): 73-87.

Article in English. Published first online 6 May 2010.

Abstract (not available on Pubmed):

The purpose of this study was to examine physician burnout in association with individual factors, work characteristics and work–home interaction (job performance-based self-esteem, goal orientation, value congruency, workload, autonomy, work–home conflict and work–home facilitation). This two-wave panel study includes a sample of Norwegian physicians collected in 2003 (N = 683) and 2005 (N = 523). Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to test the assumed effects in male and female physicians separately. The results imply that many of the assumed predictors play significant parts in physician burnout. A noticeable finding was that the pattern and strength of significant effects differed within the separate analyses of men and women. Work–home conflict was a particularly strong burnout predictor in female physicians whereas workload was the strongest burnout predictor in male physicians. The findings may have implications when planning future interventions.

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